Lord Baden-Powell character jug modeled by William K. Harper and produced by Royal Doulton of Burslem, England, in a 1999 limited edition of 2,500 commissioned by Travers Stanley. Robert Stephenson Smyth Baden-Powell (1857-1941) was a British soldier who founded the Boy Scout movement. He saw much active service in India and Africa prior to the South African War, in which he defended Mafeking for seven months and subsequently organized the South African constabulary. His experience in the army convinced him that British boys needed more physical training and experience in outdoor life than they had been receiving. This prompted him to start the Boy Scouts in England in 1907 and, with his sister, the Girl Guides in 1909. As scouting spread to other nations, Baden-Powell became the most important scout leader in the world. His writings include "Scouting for Boys", "Rovering to Success", and "Scouting and Youth Movements". A Kudu horn and wood badge form the handle of this jug.