King Louis XVI faience puzzle character jug produced by Malicorne circa 1900. Louis XVI (1754-1793) was the last King of France before the fall of the monarchy during the French Revolution. He was the son of Louis, Dauphin of France, son and heir-apparent of King Louis XV, and Maria Josepha of Saxony. When his father died in 1765, he became the new Dauphin. Upon his grandfather's death on May 10, 1774, he became King of France and Navarre, reigning as such until September 4, 1791, when he received the title of King of the French, continuing to reign as such until the monarchy was abolished on September 21, 1792. Louis XVI was executed by guillotine on January 21, 1793. This is called a puzzle jug because there is a secret to drinking from the jug without spilling water on oneself. The handle of the jug is a French dueling pistol which plays a part in the secret of the jug.