James Kier Hardie character jug produced by Bairstow Manor Pottery of Hanley, England, circa 2020. James Keir Hardie (1856-1915) was a Scottish trade unionist and politician. He was a founder of the British Labour Party in 1905, and served as its first parliamentary leader from 1906 to 1908. He died in 1915 while attempting to organize a pacifist general strike. Hardie is seen as a key figure in the history of the Labour Party and has been the subject of multiple biographies. Kenneth O. Morgan has called him "Labour's greatest pioneer and its greatest hero." The handle of the jug is a red sash, the color of the Labour Party, and was modeled by Ray Noble.