Cavalier and Roundhead two-sided teapot prototype modeled by Anthony Cartlidge and produced by Royal Doulton of Burslem, England, in 2003. Roundhead was the nickname given to supporters, mostly Puritans, of the Parliamentary cause in the English Civil War between 1642 and 1651. The Royalists, on the other side, were themselves nicknamed Cavaliers. Some of the Puritans, but by no means all, wore their hair closely cropped round the head, creating an obvious contrast between themselves and the men of courtly fashion who wore long ringlets. During the war and for a time afterwards Roundhead was a term of derision. Roundhead appears to have been first used as a term of derision towards the end of 1641 when the debates in Parliament on the Bishops Exclusion Bill were causing riots. The name remained in use to describe those with republican tendencies until after the Glorious Revolution of 1688. An executioner's axe forms the handle of the teapot while an English flag forms the spout.