Buff Orpington medium sized toby jug produced by Quail Ceramics of the Midlands, England, circa 2020. The original Black Orpington was bred by William Cook in 1886 by crossing Minorcas, Langshans and Plymouth Rocks to create a new hybrid chicken. Cook selected a black bird that would exhibit well by hiding the dirt and soot of London. When the breed was shown in Madison Square Gardens in 1895, its popularity soared. The original colors are black, white, buff, blue and splash. Only the original colors are recognized by the American Standard, the Buff being the most common color.