Bonnie Prince Charlie character jug produced by Hall Brothers of Longton, England, circa 1950 using their tradename Radnor Bone China. Charles Edward Louis John Sylvester Maria Casimir Stuart (1720 - 1788) was the elder son of James Francis Edward Stuart, grandson of James II and VII, and the Stuart claimant to the thrones of England, Scotland and Ireland from 1766 as Charles III. During his lifetime, he was also known as "the Young Pretender", "the Young Chevalier" or "Bonnie Prince Charlie." His escapades during the 1745 and 1746 uprising, as well as his escape from Scotland, led to his portrayal as a romantic figure of heroic failure. His life and the once possible prospects of a restored Stuart monarchy have left an enduring historical legend that continues to have a legacy today.