William Gladstone toby jug produced in Staffordshire England circa 1948. William Gladstone (1809�1898) was a British statesman and Liberal politician. In a career lasting over 60 years he served for 12 years as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom spread over four terms beginning in 1868 and ending in 1894. He also served as Chancellor of the Exchequer four times serving over 12 years. Note the axe between his legs which refers to Gladstone's enthusiasm for chopping down a tree a day. This 1948 reproduction was made from original Sampson Smith molds dating to 1870.